Everyone knows about the carbon footprint of heat and resources consumed by humans. Not only heat or travel, but what you eat also has its own climate impact. Resources that are used in the preparation of meals have a strong impact on climate. Numerous factors have their own contribution to the climate impact of food, such as consumption of energy, the position of your selected food in the food chain, and chemical inputs in the growth of food.
Climate Changes and Meat
The production of meat makes a major contribution to climate change. Livestock production requires 70% of agricultural land, and 30% is required to grow food for them. Livestock typically produces a substantial volume of nitrous oxide and methane (greenhouse) gasses, which have their own contribution to change the climate. According to the estimate of FAO, the livestock production is accountable for 18% of greenhouse gasses. The food of livestock and various other animals is prepared via an inefficient process. For instance, it takes almost 5 to 7 kg of grain to produce 1 kg of beef. Each kg of grain requires considerable water and energy to produce and process as well as transport.
Agricultural practices can have a major impact on the climate. Synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are frequently used in agriculture. Fossil fuels are used in the manufacturing of these pesticides and fertilizers. Manufacturing and transportation of these chemicals use significant quantities of greenhouse gasses and energy. According to studies, chemical farming requires more energy than organic farming. Artificial nitrogen fertilizers in soils produce nitrous oxide, which is a greenhouse gas and is 300 times more powerful than carbon dioxide in trapping heat in the atmosphere. Organic farms rely on natural compost and manure for fertilizer. These can store maximum carbon in the mud, as well as keep it out of the atmosphere.
Local vs. Organic
If you want to reduce environmental impact, you should use locally grown food. If the food is transported from a long distance, it will increase the overall carbon footprint of this food. For instance, if a lamb is raised in America and is shipped to a place that is 18,000 kilometers away from America, it will be responsible for 5% of greenhouse gasses and 80% of emissions from the activities of the farm.
Reduce Carbon Impact
You can reduce carbon impact with the help of the following measures: